Updated : 27 September 2012
Golfers are predisposed to the risk of injury. Apart from abusive traumatic injury such as being hit by a golf ball or twisting an ankle, the golfer may suffer from overuse, misuse and disuse.
All these factors may be the result of or result in poor golf technique. Several regions of the golfer are susceptible. These include the wrist, elbow, shoulder, back and neck.
Frequently, golfers experience pain on the inside of the elbow which may be due to excessively tight grip and/or poor back swing and follow through. Stretches of the hand-finger flexors may help this. Pain on the outside of the elbow is often associated with incorrect wrist action. Both conditions may also have nerve irritation.
The swinging action of golf requires good trunk rotation. Lack of trunk rotation may contribute to poor movement of the shoulders, resulting in excessive use of the hand - arm musculature, as well as poor balance on the feet. Accessory movements may develop to compensate for the lack of thorax rotation. Excessive lateral pelvic shifting may ensue, which can lead to severe chronic low back pain. Terminology, such as poor lumbo-pelvic rhythm or 'the tail that wags the dog' has been used to describe this scenario which can lead to functional instability in the low back. Additional areas of functional instability may include the upper thoracic spine and even the vertebrae of the neck. All these conditions may result in nerve irritation.
Nerve irritation may manifest as pain, pins and needles, or numbness, reduced reflexes and muscle weakness. Poor blood supply to the neural tissue is probably one of the major contributors to nerve irritation. Muscle stretches, good technique, good posture, adequate 'warm-up' and 'cool-down' may improve blood flow. Poor neural function may result in reduced reflexes which in turn predisposes a person to injury during unexpected movements. Additionally, muscle weakness and poor endurance may contribute to fatigue which can cause further muscle shortening. Regardless of mechanism, neural irritation will lead to poor performance at golf.
|Exercises should include
Updated : 27 September 2012
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Updated : 10 May 2014
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